Pain Management

Symptom Management
Common Symptoms:
Bowel Management
Nausea and Vomiting
Terminal Phase
Changing Awareness

Altered Elimination
Respiratory Changes
Agitation or Restlessness
Signs of Impending Death
Caregiver Support
The Terminal Phase of Illness

Caregiver Support
Educational support during this time is crucial. Informing the caregivers of the different symptoms that may occur, what they mean, and how they can be managed can make the difference between a lonely, frightening experience, and the experience of a “good death”. Emotional, spiritual, and psychological support is also very important during the terminal phase of illness. Active listening, supporting the patient and caregiver wishes to the extent possible, and making referrals to counselors or other experts as necessary all contribute to making this final journey as fulfilling and peaceful as possible.