Definitions of Pain
Duty to Relieve Pain
Fifth Vital Sign
Begin with the patient
Types of pain
|Five Pain Management Principles
Pain assessment and re-assessment is vital for pain management
Use appropriate non-pharmacological pain relief measures as well as pharmacological measures.
Examples of non-pharmacological measures are:
Patient and family/caregiver education
Patient and family/caregiver empowerment is a fundamental tool in pain management. Teaching theuse of pain scales, medication use and scheduling, signs and symptoms of the disease progression all of these measures enhance pain management and help to ensure patient comfort.
Ongoing review and updating of a personalized plan of care
Collaboration is essential for pain management and in end of life care. The team should consist of: